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Faculty
Paul R. Grossl

Paul R. Grossl

Professor of Biogeochemistry
Area of Study: Environmental Soil & Water, Soil Science
Emphasis: Soil Chemistry, Soil Fertility/Testing, Soil Management/Sustainability
Employee Type: Faculty
Location:  AGRS 346
Office Phone:  435-797-0411
Fax:  435-797-3376
Cell Phone:  435-881-0043
4820 Old Main Hill AGS 348
Logan, UT 84322-4820

Specialties: Soil chemistry, biogeochemistry

 EDUCATION:

 
MONTANA STATE UNIVERSITY, Bozeman, Montana
Ph. D. in Crop and Soil Science (Environmental Soil Chemistry) – 1991
 
UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA, St. Paul, Minnesota
M.S. in Soil Science (Soil Chemistry) – 1985
 
UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS, Champaign-Urbana, Illinois
            B.S. in Agricultural Sciences/Agronomy - 1981
 
 
PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE:
2012-present  Professor of Biogeochemistry.  Utah State University, Logan, Utah.
 
2000–present   Associate Professor of Biogeochemistry / Soil Chemistry and member of Toxicology graduate program.  Utah State Univ., Logan, Utah.
 
2006–present   Associate Editor, Soil Science Society of America Journal (Division S-2, Soil Chemistry)
 
2002-2003   Visiting Scientist.  Crop and Food Research. Hawkes Bay, New Zealand.
 
1999–present Faculty Associate to USU Toxicology Graduate Program
 
1994–2000   Assistant Professor of Biogeochemistry / Soil Chemistry, Utah State Univ., Logan, Utah.
 
1994–present Ecology Center Associate, Utah State Univ., Logan, Utah.
 
1991-1994 Postdoctoral Fellow.  University of Delaware, Newark, DE & Battelle Pacific Northwest Labs, Richland, WA. 
 
1987-1991 Research Assistant and Instructor.  Montana State University.
 
 
AWARDS AND HONORS:
2010 – Honorary Faculty Member: Hanshan Normal University, Chaozhou China.
 
2007 - Recognized by American Chemical Society for having a Highly Cited Paper (Top 1% of the most cited papers during the last 10 years (1997-2007).
 
2007 - Robins Award Finalist for USU Professor of the Year.
 
2007 - Teacher of the Year for the College of Agriculture at Utah State University.
 
2005 - President of the Western Society of Soil Science
 
2001 - Received Certificate of Recognition for exemplary service as teacher by the College of Agriculture.
 
1999 - College of Agriculture Faculty Award: Voted Faculty of the Semester (Spring 1999) by Ag. Council. 
 
RESEARCH ACTIVITIES:
 
Research Emphasis
Sorption chemistry of inorganic and organic trace elements on soils and soil constituents
Phytoremediation of metal contaminated soils and sediments
Redox chemistry of soils and sediments in wetlands
Humus chemistry
Environmental Restoration
 
PEER-REVIEWED PUBLICATIONS 
 
Invited Book Chapters 
Koenig, R, and P. Grossl.  2009.  Urban Soil Management. Chapter 2. Before You Plant.  In Sustainable Landscapes and & Gardens. Linda Chalker-Scott (ed.) Washington State University. GFG Publishing, Inc. Yakima, WA. pp. 6-1 to 6-13.
 
Grossl, P.R., and D.L. Sparks. 2008. Chemical Analysis.  In Encyclopedia of Soil Science. Ward Chesworth (ed.). Springer, Dordrecht. The Netherlands. pp.102-108.
 
Brady, W.D., P.V. Brady, M.J. Eick, P.R. Grossl, M. Disteffano. 2004. Radioactive Contaminants. In Natural Attenuation of Hazardous Wastes. Surampalli et al. (eds.) The American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), Reston VA. pp. 209-217.
 
Amacher, M.C., J. Kotuby-Amacher, and P. Grossl. 2004. Water quality: effects of natural and anthropogenic disturbances. In: J.C. Chambers and J.R. Miller (eds). Great Basin Riparian Ecosystems-Ecology, Managements, and Restoration. Island Press, Washington DC. P. 162-195.
 
Doner, H.E., and P.R. Grossl.  2002.  Carbonates and Evaporites. In   J. Dixon and D. Schultze (eds.) Soil Mineralogy with Environmental Applications.  SSSA. Madison, Wisconsin.  pp.199-228.
 
P.R. Grossl, W.D. Brady, and M.J. Eick. 2000. Natural attenuation mechanisms of inorganic pollutants: sorption/desorption kinetics on soil mineral surfaces.. In G. B. Wickramanayake, A.R. Gavaskar, and M.E. Kelley eds. Natural Attenuation Considerations and Case Studies: Remediation of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant Compounds, Battelle Press, Columbus Ohio. pp. 201-208.
 
Inskeep, W.P., and P.R. Grossl. 1992. Inhibition of calcium phosphate precipitation by soluble organic matter.  In  Future Directions for Agricultural Phosphorus Research (F. Sikora, ed.). TVA Bulletin Y-224. Muscle Shoals, AL.
 
Journal Articles 
Grossl, P.R., S. Trolove, R. Koenig, and C. Jones. 201_.  Phosphorus sorption dynamics with and without Humic Acid.  Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J (submitted)
 
Boparai H.K., S. D. Comfort, T. Satapanajaru, J. E. Szecsody , P.R. Grossl, P.J. Shea. 2010. Abiotic transformation of high explosives by freshly precipitated iron minerals in aqueous FeII solutions. Chemosphere. 79:865-872. 
 
Van Dyke, A., P.G. Johnson, and P. Grossl. 2009. Influence of humic acid on water retention and nutrient acquisition in simulated golf putting greens. Soil Use and Management. 25: 255-261.
 
Mackowiak, C., P. Grossl, and R. Wheeler. 2009. Crop system effects on closed system element cycling for human life support in space.  J. Plant Nutrition 32(2):318-334
 
Morris, C., P. Grossl, and C. Call. 2009. Elemental allelopathy: processes, progress, and pitfalls. Plant Ecology 202:1-11.
 
Van Dyke, A., P.G. Johnson, and P.R. Grossl. 2008. Humic substances effect on moisture retention and phosphorous uptake in Intermountain West putting greens. Applied Turfgrass Science doi:10.1094/ATS-2008-1006-01-RS.
 
Gunnell, J., P.R. Grossl, and R. Kjelgren. 2008. Nitrogen and media assessment for pot-in-pot production in the Intermountain West. J. Environ. Hort. 26(4):247-252.
 
Koenig, R.T., T. Cerny-Koenig, J. Kotuby-Amacher, and P.R. Grossl. 2008. A laboratory exercise relating soil energy budgets to soil temperature. J. Natural Resources and Life Sciences Education 37:59-62
 
Morris, C., C.A. Call, T.A. Monaco, P.R. Grossl, and S.A. Dewey. 2006. Evaluation of elemental allelopathy in Acroptilon repens (L.) DC. (Russian Knapweed). Plant and Soil  289:279-288.
 
Mackowiak, C., P. Grossl, and K. Cook. 2005.  Iodine toxicity in a plant-solution system with and without humic acid.  Plant and Soil 269:141-150.
 
Mackowiak, C.L., P.R. Grossl, and B.G. Bugbee. 2003. Biogeochemistry of fluoride in a plant-solution system. J. Environ. Qual. 32:2230-2237. 
 
Brady W.D., M.J. Eick, P.R. Grossl, and P.V. Brady.  2003. A site-specific approach for the evaluation of natural attenuation at metals-impacted sites. Soil and Sediment Contamination 12:541-564. 
 
Grafe, M., M.J. Eick, P.R. Grossl, and A.M. Saunders**. 2002. Adsorption of arsenate and arsenite on ferrihydrite in the presence and absence of dissolved organic carbon (DOC). J. Environ. Qual. 31:1115-1123. 
 
Petrie, R.A., P.R. Grossl, and R.C. Sims.  2002.  Oxidation of pentachlorophenol in manganese oxide suspensions under controlled Eh and pH environments. Environ. Sci. Technol. 36:3744-3748. 
 
Grafe, M. M.J. Eick, and P.R. Grossl. 2001. Adsorption of arsenate (V) and arsenite (III) on goethite in the presence and absence of dissolved organic carbon. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J.65:1680-1687. 
 
Mackowiak, C.L., P.R. Grossl, and B. Bugbee.  2001.  Beneficial effects of humic acid on micronutrient availability to wheat.  Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J.  65:1744-1750. 
 
Klassen, S.P., J.E. McLean, P.R. Grossl, and R.C. Sims. 2000.  Effects of metal tolerant plants (Betula occidentalis and Carex microptera) on the fate and behavior of lead in contaminated soils. J. Environ. Qual. 29:1826-1834. 
 
Stahl, R.S., P. Grossl, and B. Bugbee. 1999. Effect of 2(N-morpholino) ethane) sulfonic acid (MES) on the growth and tissue composition of cucumber.  J. Plant Nutrition 22:315-330.
 
Mackowiak, C.L, and P.R. Grossl.  1999.  Comparisons of iodate and iodide additions on iodine uptake, growth, and partitioning in rice.  Plant and Soil  212:135-143.
 
Petrie, R.A., P.R. Grossl, and R. C. Sims.  1998.  A controlled environment potentiostat to study solid/aqueous systems.  Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 62:379-382. 
 
Fendorf, S., M.J. Eick, P.R. Grossl, and D.L. Sparks.  1997.  Arsenate and chromate retention on goethite: I. surface structure.  Environ. Sci. & Tech. 31:315-320.
 
Grossl, P.R., M.J. Eick, D.L. Sparks, S. Goldberg, and C.C. Ainsworth.  1997.  Arsenate and chromate retention on goethite: II. Kinetic evaluation using a pressure-jump relaxation technique.  Environ. Sci. & Tech. 31:321-326. 
 
Eick, M.J., P.R. Grossl, D.C. Golden, D.L. Sparks, and D.W. Ming.  1996.  Dissolution kinetics of a lunar glass simulant at 25oC:  The effect of pH and organic acids.  Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 60: 157-170. 
 
Eick, M.J., P.R. Grossl, D.C. Golden, D.L. Sparks, and D.W. Ming.  1996.  Dissolution kinetics of a lunar basalt simulant at 298 K: The effect of pH and organic acids.  Geoderma 74: 139-160. 
 
Grossl, P.R., and W.P. Inskeep. 1996.  Characterization of fulvic acid isolated from a water soluble extract of wheat straw. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 60:158-162. 
 
Grossl, P.R., and D.L. Sparks. 1995.  Evaluation of contaminant ion adsorption/desorption on goethite using pressure-jump relaxation kinetics.  Geoderma  67:87-101. 
 
Grossl, P.R., D.L. Sparks, and C. Ainsworth.  1994.  Pressure-jump kinetic study of Cu(II) adsorption/desorption on Goethite.  Environ. Sci. & Tech.  28:1422-1429. 
 
Keren, R., P.R. Grossl, and D.L. Sparks.  1994.  Equilibrium and kinetics of borate adsorption/desorption on pyrophyllite in aqueous suspensions.  Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J.  58: 1116-1122. 
 
Grossl, P.R., and W.P. Inskeep. 1992. Kinetics of octacalcium phosphate crystal growth in the presence of organic acids.  Geochimica et Cosmochim. Acta 56:1955-1961. 
 
Grossl, P.R., and W.P. Inskeep. 1991. Precipitation of dicalcium phosphate dihydrate in the presence of organic acids. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 55:670-675. 
 
 
Invited Book Review
 
Grossl, P.R., and D.L. Sparks.  1993.  Invited review for the book Iron Oxides in the Laboratory. 1991. U. Schwertmann and R.M. Cornell.  Soil Sci. 156:369-370.
 
 
Proceedings 
 
Grossl, P.R., M.J. Eick, and M. Grafe. 2004. Biogeochemistry of arsenic in iron oxide systems. Proceedings for SuperSoil 2004 – Joint meetings of the Australian and New Zealand Soil Science Societies (December 5-9, 2004). Sydney Australia
 
Grossl, P.R. and C. L. Mackowiak. 1999. The use of soluble organic matter (SOM) to promote plant nutrient bioavailability in bioregenerative life support systems. Society of Automotive Engineers 29th International Conference on Environmental Systems Proceedings.  Paper 2068.
 
Muhlestein, D.J., T.M. Hooten, R Koenig, P.R. Grossl, and B. Bugbee. 1999. Is nitrate necessary to biological life support?  Society of Automotive Engineers 29th International Conference on Environmental Systems Proceedings.  Paper 2026.
 
Drost, D., P. Grossl, and R. Koenig.  1997. Nutrient management of onions: a Utah perspective.  Proc. Western Nutr. Mgt. Conf. 2:54-59.
 
Grossl, P.R., and W.P. Inskeep. 1990. Residue effects on P availability.  Proc. Great Plains Conservation Tillage Symposium.  Bismarck, ND. August 21-23, 1990.  Great Plains Agricultural Council Bulletin No. 131.
 
 
NON-PEER-REVIEWED PUBLICATIONS. 
 
Grossl, P., S. Trolove, R. Koenig, and C. Jones. 2009. Phosphorus dynamics in organic matter-amended soil. Proc. Western Nutr. Mgt. Conf. 8:20-25.
 
Van Dyke, A., Johnson, P.G., and Grossl, P.R. 2009. Humic substances effect on moisture retention, nutrition, and color of intermountain west putting greens. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online. February 15. 8(4): p. 1-9.
 
Van Dyke, A., Johnson, P.G., and Grossl, P.R. 2009. Influence of humic acid on water retention and nutrient uptake in simulated putting greens. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online. June 15. 8(12): p. 1-10.
 
Van Dyke, Adam; Johnson, Paul G.; Grossl, Paul R. 2009. Honing in on humic substances. Golf Course Industry. April. 21(4): p. 74-78.
 
Grossl P.R. 2002. Basic inorganic immobilization processes. Natural Attenuation of Metals Short Course. Remediation of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant Compunds.  The International Conference (May 20-23rd Monterey, California).
 
Grossl P.R. 2002. Assessment of natural attenuation for molybdenum and arsenic impacted sites. Natural Attenuation of Metals Short Course. Remediation of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant Compunds.  The International Conference (May 20-23rd Monterey, California).
 
Grossl, P.R., S.E. Bohrer, and C.L. Mackowiak.  1998.  The fate of iodine in calcareous systems.  16th World Congress of Soil Science.  Montpellier, FA (August 20-26).
 
Grossl, P., and J. McLean.  1997.  Plant uptake.  In Sandia Report (SAND97-2727  UC-800) Natural Attentuation of Metals and Radionuclides: Report from a Workshop held by Sandia National Laboratories (eds. P. V. Brady and D. J. Bourns) Albuquerque, New Mexico. p13.  
 
GRANTS AND CONTRACTS FUNDED:
 
External Grants and Contracts Funded ($2.09 million total: 1.49 million as PI; 800,000 as Co-PI)
 
Pariette Wetlands Salinity/Selenium Study. Bureau of Land Management, US Dept of the Interior. PI. Paul R. Grossl. $240,000. 2011-2014.
 
Reclamation of Arid Land Soil. Bureau of Land Management, US Dept of the Interior. PI. Paul R. Grossl; Co-PI Richard Etchberger. $255,000. 2011-2014.
 
Utah Drought Management Project. US Dept. of Agriculture – Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service (USDA-CSREES). PI: Paul Johnson; Co-PIs J.L. Boettinger, S.B. Jones, G.E. Cardon and P.R. Grossl. $586,409 (Congressional Earmark) 2009-2010.
 
Bioavailability of Allelochemicals in Soil. Strategic Environmental Researh and Development Program (SERDP) PI: P. Grossl. Co-PI. A. Chartier. $85,000. 2006-2007
 
The Fate of PLANTPRO and other Iodine Amendments when added to Plant/Soil Systems. Ajay SQM Group. PI: P. Grossl. $150,000. 2005-2010.
 
The Fate of PLANTPRO and other Iodine Amendments when added to Plant/Soil Systems. Ajay SQM Group. PI: P. Grossl. $60,000. 2004-2005.
 
Pasture and Forage Research. US Dept. of Agriculture – Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service (USDA-CSREES). PI: Don Synder; Co-PIs T. Dhiman, P. Grossl, J. MacAdam, R. Miller, R. Whitesides, and R. Wiedmeier $208,943 (Congressional Earmark) 2004-2005.
 
The Fate of PLANTPRO and other Iodine Amendments when added to Plant/Soil Systems. Ajay SQM Group. $80,000. 2003-2004.
 
The Fate of PLANTPRO and other Iodine Amendments when added to Plant/Soil Systems. Ajay SQM Group. $50,000. 2002-2003.
 
The Fate of PLANTPRO and other Iodine Amendments when added to Plant/Soil Systems. Ajay SQM Group. PI: P. Grossl Co-PI: Rich Koenig. $70,000 1999-2002.
 
The Efficacy of Plant Residue Degradation Products on Nutrient Bioavailability in Regenerative Life Support Systems. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Graduate Student Researchers Program (NASA-GSRP) PIs: C.Mackowiak and P. Grossl  $73,500. 1998-2001. 
 
Influence of Electrochemical Reduction and Soluble Organic Matter on the Bioavailability of Trace Metals in Soils and Sediments. US Department of Energy (DOE) – Sandia National Laboratory.  PI. P. Grossl. $15,000. 1998-1999.
 
Chemical and Physical Stability of Calcareous Sands Used for Putting Green Construction.  US Golf Association (USGS) PIs: E. Miltner, P. Grossl, and G. Stahnke.  $55,342. 1998-2001.
 
The Edaphology of Iodine Enrichment of the Environment via Irrigation Water at Hotan, Xinjiang Autonomous Region, The Peoples Republic of China. Thrasher Research Foundation.  PI: P. Grossl Co-PI(s): J. Norton, R. Koenig and D. James. $139,000. 1996-1999.
 
 
Internal Grants Funded ($98,000 total)
 
Contaminated Drainage Waters from Abandoned Mine Sites in Utah. Mineral Lease. PIs: J. McLean and P. Grossl. $25,000. 1999-2000.
 
Contaminated Drainage Waters from Abandoned Mine Sites in Utah. Mineral Lease.  PIs: J. McLean and P. Grossl. $25,000. 1998-1999.
 
Remediation of Metal Contaminated Soils Using Hyperaccumulating Plant Species -Phase II. USU Faculty Research Grant.  PI: P. Grossl. $15,000. 1996-1997
 
Irrigation and Nitrogen Nutrition Needs of Onions. Mineral Lease. PIs: P. Grossl and D. Drost. $18,000. 1996-1997.  
 
Remediation of Soils Contaminated with Toxic Levels of Metals Using Hyperaccumulating Plant Species. USU Faculty Research Grant. PI: P. Grossl. $15,000 1995-1996.
 
TEACHING ACTIVITIES:
Courses Taught:
Fundamentals of Soil Science (Soil 3000, 4 credits): Lecture/Lab. Upper division undergraduates. 1994-present. Enrollment ranges from 80 to 90 students per term.
Fundamentals of Soil Science (Soil 3000, 4 credits): Broadcast to Regional Campuses Lecture/Lab. Upper division undergraduates. 2010 -   . Enrollment ranges from 26 to 53 students per term.
Principles of Environmental Soil Chemistry (Soil 5050/6050, 3 credits): Lecture/Discussion. Senior/Graduate. Spring 1995-2002, 2007. Enrollment ranges from 15 to 20 students per term.
Soil Nutrient Bioavailability (Soil 5550/6550, 3 credits): Lecture/Discussion. Senior/Graduate. Spring 2005-2009. Enrollment ranges from 20 to 30 students per term.
Soil Reclamation (Soil 4500, 3 credits): Lecture/Discussion. Upper division undergraduates. Spring 2009-present. Enrollment 15.
Environmental Quality: Soil and Water (Soil 5750, 2 credits): Senior Capstone in Environmental Soil/Water Science; arranged lectures, laboratory, discussion; Co-taught with various faculty. Spring 1996-1998, 2005-2006. 
 
Major Graduate Advisor to:
Postdoctoral Fellows
 
Randall Stahl (March 1 to August 15, 1996) – Funded on the Trasher Foundation Iodine project.
Stephen Trolove (January 1 to April 10, 2005) – Funded by the USU Pasture Initiative. Research examined phosphorus chemistry in pasture systems. Stephen was a visiting scientist from Crop & Food Research, Hastings, New Zealand.
 
Ph.D. Students
Robert Petrie.  1997. Oxidation of pentachlorophenol affected by manganese oxide under various redox environments. Degree in Civil and Environmental Engineering. I was a co-advisor with Dr. Ron Sims.
Cheryl L. Mackowiak. 2001. The efficacy of plant residue degradation products on phosphorus, iron, iodine, and fluorine bioavailability to plants. 
Collen Jones. 2010 - Pariette Wetlands Salinity/Selenium Assessment. 
 
M.S. Students
Julie Lynn Cramer. 1997. Phytoremediation of nickel contaminated soils by the hyperaccumulator S. polygaloides.
Steven E. Bohrer. 2000. Iodate sorption and transport in calcareous soils.
Markus Grafe.  2000. Sorption of arsenic on iron oxides: Influence of organic acids. Degree in Crop & Soil Science from Virginia Tech. I was a co-advisor with Dr. Matthew Eick. 
JayDee Gunnell. 2006.  Determining optimal growth conditions for pot-in-pot tree production.
Leanna Reynolds. 200_.  Allelopathic mechanisms responsible for the spread of Russion knapweed. Temporarily on medical leave.
James Gregory. 2008. Comparison of soil water potentials between traditional non-native and native landscapes. I took over as Jim’s advisor after the departure of David Chandler, his former advisor. Jim’s degree was in ecology.
Melanie Ballard. Fall 2009. Allelopathic mechanisms responsible for the spread of Spotted knapweed.
Danielle Criddle. Beginning Fall 2009.
 
Non-Thesis Option
Vaughn Thacker. 2002
Bryce Griffiths. 2006
 
Honor’s Program Advisor to:
Hyrum Gillespie (PSC 2009)
Britney Hunter (PSC 2006)
Jason Henrie (Chemistry 1998)
Tarah Henrie (PSC 1998)
Jennifer Desarro (Forestry 1998)